Every machine needs to be cleaned periodically for efficient functioning. Moving parts accumulate dust and dirt making them less efficient. A gun, in particular, tends to have more dust inside due to the small explosion that takes place every time you fire it. There is residue left inside the barrel every time you fire the gun. It is better to take time to clean the gun thoroughly after every use. Let us see how to clean a gun at home.
Unload And Remove Bolt
This is the first step before you clean your gun. You should open the action and ensure that the gun is unloaded. Read the user manual and understand how far you can disassemble the gun. Remove the clips or magazine. Brush with solvent and clean it. Dry off and lube the bold lightly. The extractor or ejectors should also be brushed well. This is the first step on how to clean a gun at home.
Swab The Bore
Soak the bronze brush in a gun solvent. Run the cleaning with the bronze brush through the barrel starting from the chamber and moving towards the muzzle. The brush should come out of the muzzle. You should repeat the process 3 to 4 times to remove all the dirt. Let the gun sit that way for about 15 minutes. This will loosen the bullet jacket material, lead and powder fowling.
After the solvent soak is over you should run the solvent soaked brush through the barrel many times till all the dirt is gone. Some people will suggest that you don’t bring the brush back through the barrel but must unscrew it when it has come out of the muzzle. You must do this every time. This will make a difference in accuracy. If you are using the gun for law enforcement or security this action is worth doing. Even if you are a target shooter this will help. How to clean a gun at this stage is left to your choice.
The next step is to run a cloth patch through the barrel. In this case, you should necessarily remove the patch at the muzzle and attach a fresh one before you bring it back. Repeat this process till the patch comes out clean.
After all this is done, lubricate the metal parts with a little oil. This is how to clean a gun at home. You should also check whether everything is working fine once you have finished the cleaning.